Catholic Doctrine: The Sacrament of Extreme Unction (1)

February 07, 2019

Definition and Institution

The sacrament of Extreme Unction is a sacrament instituted by Jesus Christ to give the dying the spiritual assistance they need. It sometimes relieves the person’s corporal infirmities if God’s hour has not yet come.

The institution of this sacrament is related by the Apostle St. James: “Is any man sick among you? Let him bring in the priests of the church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord. And the prayer of faith shall save the sick man: and the Lord shall raise him up: and if he be in sins, they shall be forgiven him” (James 5:14-15).

In order to receive this sacrament worthily, one must be in the state of grace, trust in the efficacy of the sacrament and in divine mercy and accept the will of God.