Eucharist (3): Material and Form of the Sacrament

April 08, 2019

In being present under the sacramental species, Jesus Christ does not cease to be in Heaven.

The material of the sacrament of the Eucharist is wheat bread and grape wine. In the West, the wheat bread is unleavened, while for the most part, it is leavened in the Eastern Churches. A little water must be added to the wine before the consecration.

The form of the sacrament is the words that the priest, acting in the person of Christ, pronounces at the moment of consecration of the bread and the wine into the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ. It is Our Lord Jesus Christ Himself, almighty God, who has given such power to the words of consecration.

This is nothing other than the renewal, by the ministry of the priest, of the miracle performed by Jesus Christ at the Last Supper changing the bread and wine into His Body and His adorable Blood through these words, “This is My Body; this is My Blood.”